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World

The World’s Most Populous Countries in 2017

China and India are the world’s most populous countries, home to a combined 36 percent of humans on earth.

China and India Are Home to Over a Third of the World’s Population

The world population in 2017 is an estimated 7.6 billion, according to the United Nations. Roughly thirty-six percent of the world’s inhabitants reside in its two most populous countries: China and India. While China is the world’s most populous county, India is expected to overtake it by 2024, due to a population growth rate of more than double that of China.

The distribution of the world population is rapidly changing. Most regions are witnessing a decline in fertility rates and a rise in longevity. Fertility rates are below the replacement rate in 83 countries, including China. But as populations in developed countries age, Africa will see a continued surge in its young population. From 2010-15, the fertility rate in Africa was 4.7 percent, compared to 1.6 percent in Europe.

Over the course of this century, the world’s demographic profile is expected to change dramatically, as demonstrated in projections for 2030, 2050, and 2100.

Here are the world’s thirteen most populous countries in 2017, according to the United Nations:

13. Phillippines – 105 million

This is the official flag of the Philippines.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

12. Ethiopia – 105 million

This is the official flag of Ethiopia.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

11. Japan – 127 million

This is the official flag of Japan.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

10. Mexico – 129 million

This is the official flag of Mexico.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

9. Russian Federation – 144 million

This is the official flag of Russia.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

8. Bangladesh – 165 million

This is the official flag of Bangladesh.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

7. Nigeria – 191 million

This is the official flag of Nigeria.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

6. Pakistan – 197 million

This is the flag of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

5. Brazil – 209 million

This is the official flag of Brazil.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

4. Indonesia – 264 million

This is the official flag of Indonesia.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

3. United States – 324 million

This is the flag of the United States of America.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

2. India – 1.339 billion

This is a flag of India.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

1. China – 1.410 billion

This is the flag of the People's Republic of China.
(Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

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