China and India Are Home to Over a Third of the World’s Population
The world population in 2017 is an estimated 7.6 billion, according to the United Nations. Roughly thirty-six percent of the world’s inhabitants reside in its two most populous countries: China and India. While China is the world’s most populous county, India is expected to overtake it by 2024, due to a population growth rate of more than double that of China.
The distribution of the world population is rapidly changing. Most regions are witnessing a decline in fertility rates and a rise in longevity. Fertility rates are below the replacement rate in 83 countries, including China. But as populations in developed countries age, Africa will see a continued surge in its young population. From 2010-15, the fertility rate in Africa was 4.7 percent, compared to 1.6 percent in Europe.
Here are the world’s thirteen most populous countries in 2017, according to the United Nations: